Commit cea433af authored by sajolida's avatar sajolida
Browse files

Merge remote-tracking branch 'mercedes/doc/9965'

parents 1a111bf6 7517eb79
......@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ Tails is a live system that aims to preserve your privacy and anonymity. It
helps you to use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship almost anywhere you go and on any
computer but leaving no trace unless you ask it to explicitly.
It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card
It is a complete operating system designed to be used from a DVD or a USB stick
independently of the computer's original operating system. It is [[Free
Software|doc/about/license]] and based on [[Debian GNU/Linux|https://www.debian.org/]].
......
......@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ in Tails: all software packaged for Debian is installable in Tails.
Additional features
===================
* automatic mechanism to [[upgrade a USB stick or a SD card|doc/first_steps/upgrade]] to newer versions
* automatic mechanism to [[upgrade a Tails USB stick|doc/first_steps/upgrade]] to newer versions
* can be run as a virtualized guest inside
[VirtualBox](http://www.virtualbox.org/) ([[More...|doc/advanced_topics/virtualization]])
* [[customization|contribute/customize]] (e.g. to add a given missing piece of
......
......@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
Tails works on most reasonably recent computers, say manufactured after 2008.
Here is a detailed list of requirements:
- Either **an internal or external DVD reader** or the possibility to **boot from a USB stick or SD card**.
- Either **an internal or external DVD reader** or the possibility to **boot from a USB stick**.
- Tails requires a 64-bit <span class="definition">[[!wikipedia x86-64]]</span>
compatible processor: **<span class="definition">[[!wikipedia
IBM_PC_compatible]]</span>** and others but not <span
......
......@@ -121,7 +121,7 @@ purpose.</p>
complex user interface and allows to use a persistent volume, either
by:
- Starting Tails from a USB stick or SD card.
- Starting a Tails USB stick.
- Creating a virtual USB storage volume saved as a single file on the host
operating system.
......
......@@ -105,10 +105,10 @@ active</span>", then try to start the default virtual network:
<a id="usb"></a>
Running Tails from a USB stick or SD card
=========================================
Running from a Tails USB stick
==============================
To run Tails from a USB stick or SD card using *virt-manager*, first
To run Tails from a Tails USB stick using *virt-manager*, first
create a virtual machine running from an ISO image as described
[[above|virt-manager#iso]].
......@@ -120,8 +120,7 @@ Then do the following:
<span class="guisubmenuitem">Shut Down</span>&nbsp;▸
<span class="guimenuitem">Force Off</span></span> to shut down the
virtual machine.
1. Plug in the USB stick or insert the SD card from which you want to
run Tails.
1. Plug in the Tails USB stick from which you want to run Tails.
1. Choose
<span class="menuchoice">
<span class="guimenu">View</span>&nbsp;▸
......@@ -134,18 +133,18 @@ Then do the following:
Tails, and click **Finish**.
You can keep the original ISO image connected as a virtual DVD to
install Tails onto the USB stick or SD card if needed.
install Tails onto the USB stick if needed.
<a id="disconnect"></a>
You can also disconnect the original ISO image and start directly from the
USB stick once Tails is already installed on it. To do so:
Tails USB stick. To do so:
1. Shut down the virtual machine.
1. In the configuration of the virtual machine, click on **IDE CDROM
1** in the left pane.
1. Click on the **Disconnect** button in the right pane.
1. To enable the USB stick or SD card as a boot option:
1. To enable the USB stick as a boot option:
1. Click on **Boot Options** in the left pane.
1. Select the **USB** boot option corresponding to your USB device.
1. Click **Apply**.
......@@ -157,7 +156,7 @@ USB stick once Tails is already installed on it. To do so:
<span class="guimenu">Virtual Machine</span>&nbsp;▸
<span class="guimenuitem">Run</span></span>.
Once you started from the USB device you can [[create a persistent
Once you started from the Tails USB stick you can [[create a persistent
volume|first_steps/persistence/configure]] on it.
<a id="virtual_usb"></a>
......@@ -199,8 +198,8 @@ onto the virtual USB storage using *Tails Installer*. The virtual USB
storage appears in *Tails Installer* as **QEMU HARDDISK**.
After that you can disconnect the original ISO image and start directly
from the virtual USB stick [[as described
from the virtual Tails USB stick [[as described
in the previous section|virt-manager#disconnect]].
Once you started from the virtual USB device you can [[create a persistent
Once you started from the virtual Tails USB stick you can [[create a persistent
volume|first_steps/persistence/configure]] on it.
......@@ -8,8 +8,7 @@ Starting a computer on a media containing Tails doesn't change anything on the
operating system actually installed on your hard disk: as a live system, Tails
doesn't need to use your hard disk during the whole session. Be your hard disk absent
or damaged, it wouldn't prevent your computer to start Tails. Consequently,
removing the DVD or USB stick containing Tails is enough to retrieve your usual
operating system.
removing the Tails device is enough to retrieve your usual operating system.
You should save anything you want to keep for later access into a
separate device (other USB stick, other DVD or any device you would choose),
......
......@@ -15,8 +15,8 @@
- [[!traillink Delete_the_persistent_volume|first_steps/persistence/delete]]
- [[!traillink Report_an_error|first_steps/bug_reporting]]
- [[!traillink Shutting_down_Tails|first_steps/shutdown]]
- [[!traillink Upgrading_a_Tails_USB_stick_or_SD_card|first_steps/upgrade]]
- Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick or SD card
- [[!traillink Upgrading_a_Tails_USB_stick|first_steps/upgrade]]
- Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick
using [[!traillink Linux|first_steps/reset/linux]],
[[!traillink Windows|first_steps/reset/windows]],
or [[!traillink Mac|first_steps/reset/mac]]
[[!meta title="Encrypted persistence"]]
If you start Tails from a USB stick or SD card, you can create a
If you start from a Tails USB stick, you can create a
persistent volume in the free space left on the device by <span
class="application">Tails Installer</span>. The files in the persistent
volume are saved encrypted and remain available across separate working sessions.
<div class="note">
<p>It is only possible to create a persistent volume if the device, USB stick or
SD card, was installed using <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>.</p>
<p>It is only possible to create a persistent volume if the USB stick
was installed using <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>.</p>
<p>This requires a USB stick or SD card of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
<p>This requires a USB stick of <strong>at least 4 GB</strong>.</p>
</div>
......
To uninstall Tails from a USB stick or SD card, and use it for something else, you have to
To uninstall Tails from a USB stick, and use it for something else, you have to
reset it.
**The content of the device will be lost in the operation,** but an attacker
......
[[!meta title="Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Uninstalling Tails or resetting a USB stick"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/reset.intro" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using Linux"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using Linux"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/reset.intro" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
......@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Choose
<span class="menuchoice">
......@@ -29,10 +29,10 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
A list of all the storage devices on the computer appears in the left pane
of the window.
1. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset.
1. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset.
A new device appears in the list of storage devices. This new device
corresponds to the USB stick or SD card that you plugged in. Click on it.
corresponds to the USB stick that you plugged in. Click on it.
1. In the right pane of the window, verify that the device corresponds
to the device that you want to reset, its brand, its size, etc.
......@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
Resetting a Tails device from itself
====================================
If Tails is your only Linux system, you can generally reset a Tails USB stick or SD card
If Tails is your only Linux system, you can generally reset a Tails USB stick
directly from that device while running Tails.
1. When starting Tails, add the <span class="command">toram</span> boot
......@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ directly from that device while running Tails.
instructions, see the documentation on [[using the <span
class="application">Boot Loader Menu</span>|startup_options#boot_loader_menu]].
2. If Tails starts as usual, follow the instructions for [[resetting a USB stick or SD card
2. If Tails starts as usual, follow the instructions for [[resetting a USB stick
using <span class="application">GNOME Disks</span>|linux#disks]].
**If the system fails to start**, that means that the computer does not have
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using macOS"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using macOS"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/reset.intro" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
......@@ -9,17 +9,17 @@ point you are not sure about which device to choose, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
2. Start <span class="application">Disk Utility</span>.
A list of all the storage devices on the computer appears in the left pane
of the window.
3. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset.
3. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset.
A new device appears in the list of storage devices. This new device
corresponds to the USB stick or SD card that you plugged in. Click on it.
corresponds to the USB stick that you plugged in. Click on it.
4. In the list of storage devices, verify that the device corresponds
to the device that you want to reset, its brand, its size, etc.
......
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick or SD card using Windows"]]
[[!meta title="Resetting a USB stick using Windows"]]
[[!inline pages="doc/first_steps/reset.intro" raw="yes" sort="age"]]
......@@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ If at some point you are not sure about the disk number, stop proceeding.
</div>
1. Make sure that the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Make sure that the USB stick that you want to reset is unplugged.
1. Click on the <span class="button">Start</span> button, and choose <span
class="menuchoice">All Programs&nbsp;▸ Accessories&nbsp;▸ Command
......@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ If at some point you are not sure about the disk number, stop proceeding.
-------- ---------- ------- ------- --- ---
Disk 0 Online 80 GB 0 B
4. Plug the USB stick or SD card that you want to reset. Run the <span
4. Plug the USB stick that you want to reset. Run the <span
class="command">list disk</span> command again.
A new disk, which corresponds to that device, appears in the list.
......
[[!meta title="Upgrading a Tails USB stick or SD card"]]
[[!meta title="Upgrading a Tails USB stick"]]
Tails includes an automatic mechanism to upgrade a USB stick to
a newer version. In some cases, it is impossible to do an **automatic upgrade**
......@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ as soon as possible.
</div>
Both techniques only work if the upgraded device, USB stick or SD card, was
Both techniques only work if the upgraded USB stick, was
installed using <span class="application">Tails Installer</span>. **The
persistent storage on the device will be preserved.**
......@@ -46,7 +46,7 @@ The advantages of this technique are the following:
Requirements:
- A Tails device, USB stick or SD card, installed using
- A Tails USB stick, installed using
<span class="application">Tails Installer</span>.
- An Internet connection.
......@@ -145,7 +145,7 @@ For example, when:
- The automatic upgrade failed and you need to repair a Tails device.
In this case, <span class="application">Tails Installer</span> allows you to
manually upgrade a USB stick or SD card to a newer version of Tails.
manually upgrade a USB stick to a newer version of Tails.
To do so, follow our [[manual upgrade instructions|/upgrade]].
<div class="tip">
......
......@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
<p>
Tails is a [[!wikipedia desc="live operating system" Live_USB]] that
you can start on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card.
you can start on almost any computer from a DVD or USB stick.
</p>
<p>
......
......@@ -118,8 +118,7 @@ Can I install Tails permanently onto my hard disk?
--------------------------------------------------
This is not possible using the recommended installation methods. Tails is
designed to be a live system running from a removable media: DVD, USB stick or
SD card.
designed to be a live system running from a removable media: DVD or USB stick.
This is a conscious decision as this mode of operation is better for what we
want to provide to Tails users: amnesia, the fact that Tails leaves no traces on
......@@ -619,8 +618,8 @@ liar; the answer of a true liar would always be "no".
using OpenPGP|install/download/openpgp]]
against the DVD itself.
- There is no documented method of verifying the integrity of a USB stick or SD
card installed using <span class="application">Tails
- There is no documented method of verifying the integrity of a Tails device
installed using <span class="application">Tails
Installer</span>. However, if you have another trusted Tails device,
you can [[clone it onto the untrusted device|doc/first_steps/upgrade]] to
reset it to a trusted state.
......
......@@ -70,8 +70,8 @@ This USB stick doesn't start Tails at all, the USB 2.0 workaround is not working
Acer Travelmate 8573T-254G50M
-----------------------------
Booting from DVD works fine, but does not start on USB sticks created
using Tails Installer.
Booting from DVD works fine, but does not start from Tails USB sticks,
created using Tails Installer.
This problem might be corrected in Tails 1.1 and newer: please report
your test results back to us.
......@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ your test results back to us.
Acer Aspire 5315-ICL50 and Acer ES-1-331
----------------------------------------
Does not start on USB sticks created using Tails Installer.
Does not start on Tails USB sticks, created using Tails Installer.
ASUS VivoBook X202E
-------------------
......@@ -99,7 +99,7 @@ device installed using Tails Installer.
Dell Inc. Latitude E6430 and E6230
----------------------------------
Does not start on USB sticks created using Tails Installer.
Does not start on Tails USB sticks, created using Tails Installer.
With BIOS versions A03 06/03/2012 (and A09, A11, and A12)
......@@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ your test results back to us.
Dell XPS L702X/03RG89, Samsung RV520, Samsung Series 7 Chronos
--------------------------------------------------------------
Does not start on USB sticks created using Tails Installer.
Does not start on Tails USB sticks, created using Tails Installer.
We were reported that the legacy BIOS shipped on these systems doesn't
know how to deal with the GPT partition scheme installed by Tails
......@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@ newer versions: please report your test results back to us.
Fujitsu Siemens Amilo A 1667G
-----------------------------
Does not start on USB sticks created using Tails Installer.
Does not start on Tails USB sticks, created using Tails Installer.
HP Compaq dc5750 Microtower
---------------------------
......@@ -180,7 +180,7 @@ Goes back continuously to Boot Loader Menu on Tails installed on DVD.
Clevo W258CU, ThinkPad X121e, T420i, T410, T520, W520, T530, E325, and E530
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
These machines do not start on USB sticks created using Tails USB
These machines do not start on TailsUSB sticks, created using Tails USB
Installer, due to a firmware limitation.
A workaround for some of these machines is to use the [[manual
......
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