about.mdwn 6.91 KB
Newer Older
1
[[!meta title="About"]]
2

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
3 4 5 6 7 8
> **amnesiac**, *noun*:<br/>
> forgetfulness; loss of long-term memory.

> **incognito**, *adjective & adverb*:<br/>
> (of a person) having one's true identity concealed.

9 10 11 12
Tails is a live system that aims at preserving your privacy and anonymity. It
helps you to use the Internet anonymously almost anywhere you go and on any
computer but leave no trace using unless you ask it explicitly.

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
13
It is a complete operating-system designed to be used from a DVD or a USB stick
14
independently of the computer's original operating system. It is [[Free
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
15
Software|doc/about/license]] and based on [[Debian GNU/Linux|http://www.debian.org/]].
16

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
17
Tails comes with several built-in applications pre-configured with security in
18 19
mind: web browser, instant messaging client, email client, office suite, image
and sound editor, etc.
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
20

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
21 22
[[!toc levels=1]]

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
23
Anonymity online through Tor
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
24
============================
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
25 26

Tails relies on the Tor anonymity network to protect your privacy online: all
27 28
software are configured to connect through Tor, and direct (non-anonymous)
connections are blocked.
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
29 30 31 32

Tor is free software and an open network that helps you defend against a form of
network surveillance that threatens personal freedom and privacy, confidential
business activities and relationships, and state security known as traffic
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
33
analysis.
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of
relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching
your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the
sites you visit from learning your physical location.

To learn more about Tor, see the official [Tor
website](https://www.torproject.org/):

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
43
- [Tor overview: Why we need
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
44
  Tor](https://www.torproject.org/about/overview.html.en#whyweneedtor)
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
45
- [Tor overview: How does Tor
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
46 47
  work](https://www.torproject.org/about/overview.html.en#thesolution)
- [Who uses Tor?](https://www.torproject.org/about/torusers.html.en)
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
48 49
- [Understanding and Using Tor — An Introduction for the
  Layman](https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/wiki/doc/TorALaymansGuide)
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
50 51

Use anywhere but leave no trace
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
52
===============================
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
53 54 55

Using Tails on a computer doesn't alter or depend on the operating system
installed on it. So you can use it in the same way on yours, the computer of a
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
56
friend or one at your local library. After removing your Tails DVD or USB stick
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
the computer can start again on its usual operating system.

Tails is configured with a special care to not use the computer's hard-disks,
even if there is some swap space on it. The only storage space used by Tails is
the RAM memory, which is automatically erased when the computer shuts down. So
you won't leave any trace neither of the Tails system nor of what you did on
the computer. That's why we call it "amnesic".

This allows you to work on sensitive documents on any computer and protect you
from data recovery after shutdown. Of course, you can still explicitly save
some documents to another USB or external hard-disk and take them aways for
future use.

70 71
<a id="cryptography"></a>

Tails developers's avatar
Typo.  
Tails developers committed
72
State-of-the-art cryptographic tools
73 74 75 76 77
====================================

Tails also comes with a selection of tools to protect your data using strong
encryption:

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
78 79
  - [[Encrypt your USB sticks or external
    hard-disks|doc/encryption_and_privacy/encrypted_volumes]] using <span
80 81 82
    class="definition">[[!wikipedia LUKS]]</span>, the Linux standard for
    disk-encryption.

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
83
  - Automatically encrypt with HTTPS all your communications to a number of
84 85
    major websites using [HTTPS
    Everywhere](https://www.eff.org/https-everywhere), a Firefox extension
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
86
    developed by the [Electronic Frontier Foundation](https://www.eff.org).
87 88 89

  - Encrypt and sign your emails and documents, using the *de facto* standard
    <span class="definition">[[!wikipedia OpenPGP]]</span> either from Tails
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
90
    email client, text editor or file browser.
91 92 93 94 95 96

  - Protect your instant messaging conversations using <span
    class="definition">[[!wikipedia Off-the-Record_Messaging
    desc="OTR"]]</span>, a cryptographic tool that provides encryption,
    authentication and deniability.

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
97 98 99 100 101 102
  - [[Securely delete your files|doc/encryption_and_privacy/secure_deletion]]
    and clean your diskspace using [[Nautilus
    Wipe|http://wipetools.tuxfamily.org/nautilus-wipe.html]].

[[Read more about those tools in the documentation.|doc/encryption_and_privacy]]

103 104 105 106 107
What's next?
============

To continue discovering Tails, you can now read:

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
108 109
  - the [[warning page|doc/about/warning]] page to understand better the security limitations of Tails and Tor,
  - more details about the [[features and software|doc/about/features]] included in Tails,
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
110
  - our [[documentation|doc]] explaining in details how to use Tails,
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
111
  - some hints on why [[should you trust Tails|doc/about/trust]],
112
  - our [[design document|contribute/design]] about Tails specification, threat model and implementation.
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
113

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
114
Press and media
115 116
===============

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
117
See the [[Press and media information|press]].
118

119 120
Acknowledgements
================
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
121

122 123 124
  - Tails could not exist without [[Debian|http://www.debian.org/]], [[Debian Live|http://live.debian.net]], and [[Tor|https://www.torproject.org/]]; see our [[contribute/relationship with upstream]] document for details.
  - Tails was inspired by the [[Incognito LiveCD|http://web.archive.org/web/20090220133020/http://anonymityanywhere.com/]]. The Incognito author has declared it to be dead on March 23rd, 2010, and written that Tails "should be considered as its spiritual successor".
  - The [[Privatix Live-System|http://mandalka.name/privatix/]] an early source of inspiration, too.
125 126 127
  - Some ideas (in particular [[tordate|contribute/design/Time_syncing]] and
    improvements to our [[contribute/design/memory_erasure]] procedure) has
    been borrowed from [Liberté Linux](http://dee.su/liberte).
128
  - Portions of Tails are based on TrueCrypt, freely available at [[http://www.truecrypt.org/]].
129 130 131 132

Related projects
================

133 134 135
Feel free to contact us if you think that your project is missing, or
if some project is listed in the wrong category.

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
136
## Active projects
137 138

* [Liberté Linux](http://dee.su/liberte)
Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
139
* [Lightweight Portable Security](http://www.spi.dod.mil/lipose.htm)
140

Tails developers's avatar
Tails developers committed
141
## Discontinued, abandoned or sleeping projects
142

143
* [Odebian](http://www.odebian.org/)
144
* [Ubuntu Privacy Remix](https://www.privacy-cd.org/)
145
* [The Haven Project](https://www.haven-project.org/)
146
* [Privatix](http://www.mandalka.name/privatix/)
147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154
* [Polippix](http://polippix.org/)
* [ISXUbuntu](http://www.isoc-ny.org/wiki/ISXubuntu)
* [Phantomix](http://phantomix.ytternhagen.de/)
* [Anonym.OS](http://sourceforge.net/projects/anonym-os/)
* [The Incognito LiveCD](http://anonymityanywhere.com/incognito/) (dead link)
* [ParanoidLinux](http://www.paranoidlinux.org/) (dead link)
* [onionOS](http://jamon.name/files/onionOS/) (dead link)
* [ELE](http://www.northernsecurity.net/download/ele/) (dead link)
127.0.0.1's avatar
127.0.0.1 committed
155
* [Estrella Roja](http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=estrellaroja)